Scar types – 1. Atrophic scar 2. Hypertrophic scar 3. Keloid scar (see image below) Triamcinolone – It’s a corticosteroid (glucocortocoid) Use to treat hypertrophic and keloid scars (Intra lesional injection) Reference – 1. Bailey and love’s short practice of surgery, Vol – 1, 27th edition, P. No. 31

Distal radius fracture

Before studying distal radius fracture, it is necessary to know what’s difference between extra articular fracture and intra articular fracture? Extra articular fracture v/s intra articular fracture :  1. Extra articular fracture – Articular surface (Joint) not involve (see blue line on radius bone) eg. Colle’s fracture and smith fracture. 2. Intra articular fracture – …

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Volkmann’s contracture

1. Supra condylar fracture of humerus bone / Tight plaster 2. Due to supra condylar fracture / tight plaster brachial artery damage (artery compress, tear) 3. Blood flow decrease (Ischaemia) – Volkmann’s ischaemia 4. If Ischaemia persist for long time – It cause muscle necrosis 5. Contracture (short and hard) and fibrosis of muscle – …

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Overview – 1. Thumb 2. Index finger3. Middle finger4. Ring finger 5. Little finger Nomenclature of hand muscles – 1. Pollicis – for thumb. Example: Opponens Pollicis (OP)Abductor Pollicis Longus (APL)Extensor Pollicis Brevis (EPB)Extensor Pollicis Longus (EPL) 2. Digitorum – for index, ring, middle and ring finger. Example: Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (FDS)Flexor Digitorum Profundus (FDP)Extensor …

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