The Charsi of Medical literature


Eclampsia – 1. Convulsion present 2. Patient blood pressure >140/90 mm of Hg 3. Protein present in patient urine (Proteinuria) Magnesium sulphate toxicity (signs) – 1. Deep tendon reflex (Patellar reflex) – absent/decrease 2. Respiratory rate decrease – less then 16 /min (It’s check by pulse oximeter) 3. Urine output decrease – less then 30

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General anesthesia

A. Inhalational general anesthetics – 1. Gas – Nitrous oxide 2. Volatile liquid – Isoflurane, Sevoflurane NOTE : All inhalational general anesthesia drugs mention on anesthesia machine. (See below image) B. Intravenous general anesthetics – 1. Fast acting – Propofol (It looks like milk, see below image), Thiopentone sodium 2. Slow acting –    a.

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Distal radius fracture

Before studying distal radius fracture, it is necessary to know what’s difference between extra articular fracture and intra articular fracture? Extra articular fracture v/s intra articular fracture :  1. Extra articular fracture – Articular surface (Joint) not involve (see blue line on radius bone) eg. Colle’s fracture and smith fracture. 2. Intra articular fracture –

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Volkmann’s contracture

1. Supra condylar fracture of humerus bone / Tight plaster 2. Due to supra condylar fracture / tight plaster brachial artery damage (artery compress, tear) 3. Blood flow decrease (Ischaemia) – Volkmann’s ischaemia 4. If Ischaemia persist for long time – It cause muscle necrosis 5. Contracture (short and hard) and fibrosis of muscle –

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