Lower limb anatomy

Talocalcaneonavicular joint

Chart Highlights- 1. Talocalcaneonavicular 2. Spring ligament 3. Bifurcate ligament As the clear by Talocalcaneonavicular joint, it is formed by three tarsal bones talus, calcaneal and navicular bone. It is ball and socket type joint. Ball is formed by calcaneal and navicular bone.Socket is formed by talus bone.  

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Genitofemoral nerve

Origin- Genitofemoral nerve arise from lumbar plexus. Root value- L1, L2 Branches- It is divided into two branches. 1. Genital Branch of Genitofemoral Nerve: As clear by it’s name, it is related to genital organ. It is the content of spermatic cord. 2. Femoral branch of genitofemoral nerve: As clear by its name, it is related to

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Femoral nerve

Chart Highlights- Femoral nerve is divide into two division, anterior and posterior division. A. Anterior division- 1. Nerve to sartorius 2. Cutaneous nerve (medial and intermediate) B. Posterior division- 1. Rectus femoris (RF)2. Vastus medialis (VM)3. Vastus intermedius (VI)4. Vastus lateralis (VL)5. Saphenous nerve NOTE : All nerve to vastus (VL, VM, VI) supplies to

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Femoral triangle, sheath and canal

Chart Highlights- 1. Femoral triangle 2. Femoral sheath – It is divided into three compartment (Lateral, intermediate and lateral)3. Femoral canal – It is the medial compartment of femoral sheath.4. Femoral ring – It is the base of femoral canal.

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Femoral nerve

Overview 1. Femoral nerve and it’s branches 2. Cutaneous nerve of thigh 3. Patellar plexus 4. Muscles of anterior compartment of thigh 5. Hip joint nerve supply 6. Knee joint nerve supply 7. Clinicals In lower limb anatomy we study five main nerves 1. Femoral nerve 2. Obturator nerve 3. Sciatic nerve 4. Tibial nerve

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Femoral artery

Femoral artery is the main artery of lower limb and here we study femoral artery into some points that are given below. Overview- A. Inguinal ligament B. Femoral triangle – Femoral sheath C. Femoral artery branches – Trochanteric and cruciate anastomosis D. Saphenous opening/hiatus – Content E. Clinicals- Femoral artery pulse – Mid inguinal point

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